Inflation target

Low and stable inflation helps the economy operate efficiently. The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) judges that an annual increase in inflation of 2 percent is most consistent over the longer run with the Federal Reserve’s mandate for price stability and maximum employment.

When inflation is low and stable, individu­als can hold money without having to worry that high inflation will rapidly erode their purchasing power. Moreover, households and busi­nesses can make more accurate longer-run financial decisions about borrowing and lending and about saving and investment. Longer-term interest rates are also more likely to be moderate when inflation is low and stable—Read more at Federal Reserve. “Why does the Federal Reserve aim for 2 percent inflation over time?” 26 January 2015